miércoles, 3 de marzo de 2010

Extremadura and Castilla la Mancha



EXTREMADURA







It is a temperate zone because is between the polar circles and the tropics, their terrestrial ecosystem was Mediterranean Forest.Is In the north of extremadura,Is a Autonomous community of Spain. His surface is abaut 41.633 square kilometres and they have four important rivers. The Tajo, The Guadiana, The Guadalquivir and the river Duero. It is a temperate zone because is between the polar circles and the tropics, teir terrestrial ecosystem was Mediterranean Forest.
In the north of extremadura is the central system with the Gredos Range and Bejars Range, In the south is the Morena range that separates Extremadura and Andalucia.




BIOTOPE
The climate of Extremadura is in part Mediterranean except the north because is a mix of Mediterranean climate and continental climate , and in the west because is more soft that the other two a cause of the Atlantic Ocean. Each caracteristic is of dry and hotter summers with not much precipitations and larger and very cold winters.



The orography created microclimates with much humidity were the precipitations are very abundants.



The temperatures in the year was between 16ºC and 17ºC. In the north the temperature was 13ºC and in the south was 18ºC.



In the summer the temperatures are more higher tha 26ºC and in the nights was higher than 41ºC.





In the winters the temperatures are more o less 7.5ºC in the montanious zones.


The precipitation are between 450 and 500 liters of square meters in the year, are most frequenly in the north.



The types of rock in Extremadura were of three different groups:

  1. Metamorphic Rocks like slates, gneisses, schists, grauvacas, quartzites and vulcanitas originated in average continental sailors and, sometimes with volcanic activity . Are the most comon rocks in Extremadura.
  2. Igneous Rocks like granites and leucogranites is not all the part of Extremadur
  3. Sedimentary Rocks like clays, the slime, sands and limestones that are mainly in the neighborhood of Badajoz.
BIOCENOSIS
Flora:
The vegetation that predominates Extremadura are of holm oaks, cork oaks, quejigos and oaks that occupates 1.430.000he. Are much natural spaces one of the most important is the Monfrague Nacional Park in Caceres.

The Monfrague Nacional Park is in the western of Spain, extends to 17,oooHa and was declared a Natural Park in 1979 and then a National Park in 2007. The park was designated a Biosphere Reserve in 2003 by UNESCO. The landscape includes dry open pastures, woodland of cork and holm oak, rocky outcrops, a reservoir, and is a bir watchers paradise.
The Monfrague National Park has the largest colony of Cinerous vultures in the world and the highest concentration of the rare Spanish Imperial Eagle in the world. In all, 3 species of vulture breed hre along with 5 species of eagle, 3 species of kite, and 2 species of harrier.
A large number of waterfowl species are found in and around the reservoir and the rivers feeding it.
The park is also home to the rare Iberian lynx, red, roe and fallow deer, wild cats, wild boar and others.
(Photography of The National Park of Monfrague)

Fauna:
Are very types of animals in Extremadura.
-Birds like griffon vultures, black vultures, eagles, cranes, storks and quails. Some of these birds live in protected spaces.
-Mammals like deers, roe deers, fallow deers, boars, Iberian pigs, wild goats, Iberian lynxs, wolfs, foxes, otters, donkeys, mules, rabbits and bats.
-Fish and amphibians like carps, chubs, loachs, trouts, shads, eels, catfish, frogs and ribbeds.
-Reptiles and others like geckos, snakes, tortoises, shingles, lizards, skinks, centipedes, scorpions, snails and worms.

Extremadura is threatened by humans?
-Pollution: Extremadura is one of the Spanish regions where more chemicals are used in agriculture. Last year, employed more than 6,500 tons of pesticides in their crops. The use of these substances can cause changes in some ecosystems and problems in public health if contaminated water for human consumption.



CASTILLA LA MANCHA



Castilla-La Mancha is a Spanish autonomous community. It comprises the provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca, Guadalajara and Toledo. Bordered by Castile and León, Madrid, Aragon, Valencia, Murcia, Andalusia and Extremadura. The autonomous region is located in the center of the Iberian peninsula, occupying most of southern Submeseta, Spanish is the third largest region with an area of 79,463 km2.


BIOTOPE
Climate:
The climate of Castilla-La Mancha is Mediterranean with a strong continental called Continental Mediterranean. It is similar to typical Mediterranean climate but with characteristics of continental climate, more extreme temperatures.

This climate does not receive the influence of the sea, so the temperatures are much more extreme with hot summers and winters are quite cold with a swing of 18.5 ° C.

Rainfalls are not abundant, do not reach 400 milliliters per year, in the mountains can be relayed 1,000 milliliters.

BIOCENOSIS

Fauna:
Among the fauna, the white stork, important that forms aggregations linked to the consumption of grasshoppers, with the red kite, marsh harrier and several types of eagle. Among the carnivorous mammals include fox and wildcat, and among herbivorous mammals should be noted the deer and wild boar.



1.Deer 2.Wild Boar 3.Wildcat 4.Fox 5.Red Kite 6.Marsh Harrier

Flora:
The flora of Castile-La Mancha is rich and varied. The steppe vegetation is mainly because the bush has replaced the typical forest of oak grove as a result of human activity, except in the highlands of the mountain, where it combines with the black pine and cork oak. The most common species of scrub are the lips (thyme, rosemary, lavender and rosemary) and thickets. On the banks of rivers include the alder (maples and oaks), ash and birch.

A natural park of Castilla la Mancha is ``Lagunas de Ruidera´´
It is considered one of the most interesting natural areas moist and beautiful peninsula, is characterized by waterfalls that enshrine some gaps with others.The Natural Park of the Lagunas de Ruidera is located in the Upper Guadiana River Valley and serves as the provincial border to Ciudad Real and Albacete.It consists of a chain of fifteen lakes linked by rivers, streams, waterfalls and underground emissaries. It also includes within it the San Pedro Valley.
(Photography of Lagunas de Ruidera)


Is Castilla la Mancha threatened by humans?
The forests have long since been cut down by human action (the consumption of wood and the clearing of land have been the most important causes). Only mining maintains some interest holdings, although it had more importance in the past than at present. They emphasize the mercury mines at Almaden



BY: MELISA LÓPEZ, ALDARA CRUZADO, ANDRÉS DELGADO, JAIRO LÓPEZ AND SERGIO DÁVILA.


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