viernes, 12 de marzo de 2010

Doñana National park

Doñana national park


Doñana is a protect zone that is situated in Andalusia.It has two tipes of ecosystems,a part of Doñana is a mediterranean forest and another part is a intertidal zone.Its marshes take refugee to many aquatic species at winter.It is a very important protect zone for Europe.


Biotope

-Geographical Location: It is situated in the sothwest of the Iberian Peninsula,between Huelva and Seville.




-Geology: Doñana is mainly formed by clay,limestone and sand that form dunes. -Climate: It has a mediterranean climate,it has humid winters and dry summers but temperatures are more ore less cool all the year.

-Temperatures and Precipitations along the Year: The most raining seasons are spring and especially autumn.In autumn torrential rainings are produced.At winter can appear thermal anticiclons.In summer they have three or five months of dryness.

Biocenosis

-Fauna
Birds: hawk, bee-eater, hoopoe, common sparrow, vulture, Bittern, Gadwall, mallard, widgeon, snipe, black-tailed godwit, imperial eagle, booted eagle, short-toed eagle, Bonelli's eagle, marsh harrier, marsh harrier, Montagu's pale, pelican, shrike, lark, greylag goose, Bean Goose, redshank, lapwing, avetorrillo, long-eared owl, griffon vulture, black vulture, thrush Tordal, teal, white stork, black stork, stilt, ringed plover, snowy plover, great cormorant, crow, cuckoo, spatula, crested coot, short-toed eagles, sandpipers, ruddy duck, quail, redstart, black redstart, merlin, black starling, starling, flamenco, coot, crested coot, Skeggþerna, Kolþerna, bargain common egret, squacco, herring gull, Audouin's Gull, Laughing Gull, Gull, Purple Heron, heron, common tern, Red-rumped swallow rock sparrow, house sparrow, tree sparrow, sparrow, jackdaw, honey buzzard, peregrine falcon, crested tit, tit, goldfinch, short-eared owl, barn owl, kingfisher, jack, black kite, red kite, common blackbird, ibis, common mosquito, cattle egrets, teals, bittern, little egret, white wagtail, yellow wagtail, mallard, common horned owl, bird bluebottle, woodcock, nightjar brown, doves, teals, spoon duck, robin, great spotted woodpecker, chaffinch, green woodpecker, moorhen, tufted, woodlark, little grebe, wood thrush I talk, song thrush, curlew, magpie, common swift, common bunting, oriole, nightingale bastard, common nightingale, little bustard, great crested grebe, white jar, pied flycatcher, spotted flycatcher, common flycatcher, tufted duck, tufted, ferruginous duck, Azure-winged Magpie, buzzard, common buzzard, common scoter, short-toed lark, tarabilla common merganser median firecrest, Curroc, lugano, Rail, Rock Bunting, reed bunting, ortega.


Mammals: deer, rabbit field, European hedgehog, deer, genet, wild cat, wild boar, Iberian lynx, dormouse, mongoose, bat, cave bat, greater horseshoe bat, rat bat, shrew, otter, mouse, polecat , fox, badger, water rat, black rat, small noctula








Fish: eel, carp, mosquito fish, pike.





Reptiles and Amphibians: Montpellier snake, snake necklace, snake, viper, ribbed, footed lizard, lizard drum, common frog, tree frog, porzana parsley frog, common toad, natterjack toad, toad, spurs, spur thighed tortoise, snub-nosed viper, Iberian newt, marbled newt, gecko, European pond turtle.




-Flora

Of special interest are species such as Vulpia fontquerana the Linaria tursica, juniper sea, the tuberous Micropyropsis the morsus Hydrocharis Thorella ranae or verticillatinundata, many great danger. In another sense they are working on eliminating autócnonas species like Eucalyptus, Acacia, the Gomphocarpus fruticosus, Nicotiana glauca or Carpobrotus edulis.Other notable species in the park, over 900 of which are recorded in Doñana ecosystems are: oleander, the cork oak, the wallflower of the sea, the Almajo sweet, pinchosa barilla, the marram grass, the heather, heather, dressing rooms, the lavender, sea thistle, reed, carnation, bulrushes, the bracken fern, the Jaguarzo, the rushes, the labiérnago, the sea spurge, mastic, the masiega, palm heart, the stone pine, the broom, broom, broom, rosemary, juniper, the gorse, thyme, spurge laurel and blackberry. Also, there are flowering plants such as lavender.



-Examples Of Trophic Chains:


1) Spanish Imperial Eagle -Europpean Rabbit-Grass.


2) Snake viper-Common Frog-Bettle-Grass.


3) Wild cat-Deer-Grass.


4) Fox-Mouse-Grass.



-Is this place threatened by humans?


POLLUTION:Until the analcollar mine the matural risks of these area has increase. Several impact studies and environmental groups repeatedly in a series of problems that threaten flora, fauna, water and soil. While the built-up and its various applications has been a problem over the years this is not the only problems associated .
-Impact of Infraestructure:There is a project to create a pipeline between Extremadura and Huelva that it will increase the number of oil tankers with the risk of forming oil spills.


-Alba Morán
-Lidia San Juan
-Yaiza Moreno
-Alba García



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