domingo, 14 de marzo de 2010


A forest is an area with a high density of trees. These plant communities cover large areas of the terraquean globe.They are one of the most important aspects of the biosphere of the Earth.

There are a lot of types of forests:

Temperate forestsTemperate deciduous forests and deciduousDry coniferous forestTemperate rainforest
Boreal forest

Forests are ecosystems essential for life. They are the habitat of many living beings.Human life has maintained a close relationship with the forest. Many cultures have relied on forest products obtained: wood for use as fuel or construction, charcoal essential in the first iron industry, hunting, resins, fruits, medicines, etc..
The type of ecosystem represents is temperate decidious forests, so we are going to talk a litte
bit about temperate decidious forests.
The climate in temperate zones is highly variable, with four well-defined seasons and the alternation of rain, dry spells, storms, etc. Rainfall varies between 500 and 1000 mm per year.

VEGETATIONThe species of trees that form the forest are many. Beeches and oak trees, with chestnut, hazel, maple, elm, etc. are most frequent in the Iberian Peninsula with also small buses such as roses, thistles, heather, etc.ANIMAL LIFEThe fauna is rich and varied. Many insects and other animals live in soil and feed a large number of birds. Also amphibians, reptiles and mammals are very abundant.

THE EURO- SIBERIAN REGIONThe Euro- Siiberian region is represented by the Atlantic zone. It is characterized by a humid climate, tempered by oceanic influence, with mild winters, cold and slightly
marked dry season.The vegetation is represented by deciduous oak trees and Carvallos. The mountain vegetation is beech and sometimes, fresh pine forests occupy the slopes. The Mediterranean influence is felt in the presence of oak trees.

The oak forests are the most characteristic areas of Asturias and Galicia. At the higher altitudes and climb mountains, the beeches are formed.
Apart of the oak trees the chesnuts and birchs also appeared there.


Talk about wildlife in Galicia is stayed in another dimenssion. Galicia has a lot of forests, lakes, rivers, hills...with a lot of different plants and animals, and also a lot of diving living beings.

The Galician climate is the best one for the creation of forestal mass. These type of landscape have a lot of trees, these trees have mre than a houndred of years, that converted in a authentic wooden museum.
The characterisitics of each zone depend on a lot of factors tah created a great amount of forests with different types of plants, but the biggest family is the family of the oak trees, especially the CARBALLO. Obviously this is the habitat of a lot of animals. Some natural spaces to see are the Natural Park of Las Fragas do Eume and.........

The tipical Galician forest is formed by different species of decidious trees, like the oak tree and the chestnuts. These last yeras these trees have been in danger of extintion because of the human actions. That is why now the forests in Galicia are mainly formed by pines and eucalipt trees.

About the vegetation without trees, the most extensive formation is formed by the atlantic cliamte, formed by bushes, like the gorse, heather, broom and carquexia.
The fauna is mainly formed by the squirrels, foxes, wolfes... and also a big variety of fishes, and small living beings.

The general climate in Asturias is oceanic, with abundant rainfall spread throughout the year and mild temperatures in both winter and summer. The coastal climate, is really influenced by the sea, another climate in the South West of Asturias, with a climate more continental, although the climate of the central strip is oceanic, but is less influenced by the sea than in the coast, and the mountain climate in all regions of the Cantabrian mountain range, with importants snowfall, which may begin in October and extended until May.

The varied flora of the mountains is matched by a large fauna, the arbutus, the ash, the holly and the beech, there are also a lot different types of birds, such as the golden eagle that is in danger of extintion, the owls that are also in danger of extintion, the vultures, the Egiptian vultures, the common or peregrine falcons and the partridge, perhaps the richest of the peninsula. Here are several species of ungulates, and the biggest population of brown bears. We can also speak of the wolf, fox, bobcat, and a wide variety of birds. With regard to predators, here is the most complete representation of predators in Europe.
The main predators that live there are: brown bears, wolf, wild boar, bobcat, chamois and deers.
Asturias is the montainous and coastal community which has a lot of Natural or National parks and reserves, like the National Park Los picos De Europa and the Muniellos´ Forest.


There are many parks in Galicia but we have chosen only one.


Types of Protection: Natural Park.Location: In the province of A Coruña, between the towns of Cabanas, A Capela, Monfero and Pontedeume.The river Eume is one of the thousand rivers that make up the geography of Galicia. However, the shelter of the valley gunpoint shaped by the passage of centuries, took refuge one of the best preserved Atlantic forests of Europe. The Atlantic forest, the temperate influence accondicionated to the ocean, possibly covered most of Galicia, is now reduced to few but significant pockets where high humidity and mild temperatures resulted in the development of different species.What to see: The landscape is dominated by the steep river canyon that makes up an impressive Eume corridor almost twenty kilometers of semi-natural forests, the "Fragas" with the symbolic oak tree as the dominant species. They also highlight spectacular canyons with walls more than three hundred meters or depressions and the As Pontes de García Rodríguez.Climate: Oceanic with mild Clearly landlocked. Annual rainfall between 1400mm and 1900mm on the coast of the Sierra de la Loba, 700 meters high. T st half: 12 to 15 º C. Best season: autumn and spring.Flora: The dominant tree is the carballo, a type of oak tree, but there are also another types of trees such as, chestnut stand, birch, Freixa. The understory of shrub land is of great importance because it host some of the most emblematic bushes, such as woodwardia, a survivor of the ferns tha dominated million years ago the Mediterranean climate.
Wildlife: Abundant, diverse and unfortunately very difficult to surprise!. Wild cat, genet, sable, fox, owls, honey buzzard, nightjars, etc.. Some animals like the swift hawk
or otter are very difficult to see. Easier is the observation of dippers, kingfishers, squirrels, and many small mammals and birds typical of the forest.Cultural heritage: Inside the heart of the forest on a small hill, there are the ruins of a medieval monastery, Caaveiro, declared historical artistic monument. Near the park is another monastery, this time Baroque, Monfero.

Rutes: This Natural Park is threatended to humans, yoou can see the Natural Park, the Forest and also you can see the two monasteries that are inside the heart of the forest, but you have to look after the forest and take care you don´t through papers and things.

There are many Natural Parks and Forests in Asturias but we have chosen only one.


Type of proteccion: Natural reserve.

Location: Is located southwest of Asturias, and includes the mountains of Muniellos Valdebois and Viliella.
Surface: It covers an area of 5,600 hectares.
Only one road runs through the reserve, the Connio port that communicates with Ibias San Antolin. To visit, you must get a permit to the Ministry of Agriculture, only granting permission for up to 20 people a day.

Today is one of the best examples of deciduous forest, which once covered most of the area of Asturias. In Muniellos, the oak tree dominated on there, and of course on other species with which it shares the habitat, such as birch, chestnut, yew, holly etc ..., plus the reserve hosts a small group of bears browns that abound in these forests and also the nearby Monastery Hermo, and Degaña Ibias.
What to see: The landscape to see is dominated by the amount of oak trees.
If there is acharacterisitic feature of the ridge is the forest, a wet climate and not too cold causes beech, oak, birch, etc. .. have a great representation is these mountains.

Wildlife Refuge where it finds its food, and where it is also easy hide of human presence. The human beings used the forest without controll to obtain differet things. Respect the forest does not necessarily mean the abandonment of obtaining the resources that we provide, but use this in a rational and intelligent, the forest can give us much if we worry about maintaining it.
Climate: The predominated climate in the Cantabrian mountains is the Atlantic. It is characterized as very moist, mild and short summers which also produces precipitation. The snow is present in the coldest months of winter, although these may come to be rainfall in warmer months of spring. The mists are also abundant, although in this case is in the summer months when they occur frequently.

Flora: A lot of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and birds live in tis forest. A clare example is the deer that has spread to all the parts of the forest. There are a lot of types of birds but the most characteristic are: The grouse, the king of this frest, the black woodpecker, the ferresebes hawk, the goshawk, the woodpeckers, the picatuelos, the owls, etc...

Fauna: The fauna of the muniello´s forest is very similar to the fauna of the forests of Galicia, but there are some differences, there are a lot of foxes, brown bears, chamois, wolfs, otters, bobcats, mouses, common hares, Mostrar forma romanizada hedgehogs, moles, bats, salamanders, falcons, golden eagles and some more animals.

Rutes: This forest is threatended to humans, but there are a maximun per day, 20. There are a lot of rutes to do, passing through the forest between the oak trees and the beeches. But we have to look after the forest because if not it will disappeared.


Map of Fragas Do Eume. Map of Muniellos.


Claudia Doral, María Morente, Leyre Poza and Marianna Vélez.

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